Too many of us have had to deal with a drug-related crisis situation. We, at the Parent Addiction Network, hope you read the information on this page BEFORE you face a crisis.
Narcan (brand name for Naloxone) is a drug that counters the effects of an opiate overdose.
Administration of Narcan has reduced overdose fatalities and saved the lives of hundreds of people in Wisconsin. The number of Narcan injections administered by the Madison Fire Department paramedics rose from 178 in 2009 to 294 as of December 18, 2012. (WSJ, 12/23/2012).
Naloxone prevents or reverses the effects of opioids, including respiratory depression, sedation, and hypotension. It is essentially a pure narcotic antagonist, i.e., it does not possess the “agonistic” or morphine-like properties characteristic of other narcotic antagonists. Naloxone does not produce respiratory depression, psychotomimetic effects or pupillary constriction. In the absence of narcotics or agonistic effects of other narcotic antagonists it exhibits essentially no pharmacologic activity. It only works on opiates.
Naloxone has not been shown to produce tolerance or to cause physical or psychological dependence. In the presence of physical dependence on narcotics, Naloxone will produce withdrawal symptoms.
Question: Who in Dane County administers Narcan?
Answer: 15 Dane County EMS agencies that have paramedic or intermediate level EMTs. With the passage of the HOPE legislation in 2014, increasing numbers of EMTs and police in Dane County are being trained to administer Narcan. Call 911 to save a life.
The AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin (ARCW), Dane/Rock County, runs the Lifepoint Fatal Overdose Prevention program for drug users, which provides training and Narcan administration doses.
Question: How is Narcan actually administered? Can I get it and keep it at home in case my child overdoses?
Answer: Narcan® (Naloxone) can be administered intravenously, subcutaneously, intramuscularly or nasally. The duration of action is dependent on dose and route of administration. The effects of the Naloxone may dissipate over time, so the effects of the opiate may return and therefore repeated doses may be necessary.
The ARCW trains significant others of an opiate user on how to recognize and respond to an opioid overdose. The training takes approximately 30 minutes and once trained you receive a prescription for naloxone as well as several doses to take along with you. This is the injectable form; cost prohibits the provision of nasal naloxone.
To request an OD training, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org . You can request training for yourself or a group.
ARCW: Web: http://www.arcw.org. Phone: (608)258-9103. Street: 121 South Pinckney Street, Suite 320. City: Madison State: WI Zip: 53701.
Needle exchange is a disease reduction intervention recommended by the national Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The goal is to prevent disease transmission from injection drug use, in particular HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.
Madison and Dane County Public Health (PHMDC) started its needle exchange program in January 1996, followed soon thereafter by the AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin and the AIDS Network.
A Needle Exchange Program has been shown to have numerous benefits:
• reduces risk of HIV infection;
• increases probability that injection drug users will initiate drug treatment;
• serves as an important referral to treatment sources.
There is no evidence that a needle exchange program increases drug use. People addicted to drugs will use “dirty” syringes if new ones are not available. For more information, please see the Needle Exchange Fact Sheet (pdf) prepared by the PHMDC.